Rinki and producer organisations

Rinkiin liittyminen

Our company uses packaging which, according to your sorting instructions, must not be put into the containers for household packaging waste. Examples: injection fluid bottles and ampoules used in healthcare and PVC packaging. Why do we need to report these to Rinki and pay recycling fees for them?

A company joins Rinki to bear its statutory producer responsibility for its packaging. It declares all packaging it uses to Rinki and pays for the operations that ensure that the recycling targets set for producers by the Finnish law are met. Rinki cannot guarantee that all packaging can be recycled. The recycling targets are achieved even if certain packaging cannot be collected due to the fact that their material is unsuitable for recycling. If it was decided that the targets must be achieved by collecting and recycling also packaging that are more difficult to recycle, the recycling fees would be considerably higher.

What do producer organisations do? Do they come and collect the companies’ packaging?

A company is itself responsible for waste management on its own premises. This can be managed by entering a contract with a waste haulage company, for instance. Read more: B2B packaging and waste management from properties

Producer organisations organise the recycling of packaging so that Finland attains the recycling targets set for packaging waste by EU and Finnish legislation. The producer organisations are legal entities as required by law and non-profit organisations. There is a producer organisation for each respective packaging material. Each producer organisation decides itself how to organise recycling. This may be conducted, for example, in such a manner that a producer organisation makes contracts with companies that recover packaging.

How can a company implement producer responsibility if it would prefer not to join Rinki?

The company would have to take care of all the obligations related to producer responsibility for packaging and bear all the related costs. Its duties would include collecting all of the packaging it puts onto the Finnish market, arranging for other waste management and the recycling of packaging. Recycling means using packaging waste materials in the production of new products. Since the beginning of 2016, producer responsibility has also included organising a nationwide network of take-back points for consumer packaging: there must be at least 1,850 collection points for fibre, metal and glass packaging waste and at least 500 collection points for plastic packaging.

In practice it would be impossible for one company to fulfil this obligation. Companies normally use a variety of packaging and packaging materials. They seldom know where their packaging end up in the market. Collecting packaging waste and organising recycling would be very expensive for an individual company. Rinki members do not need to maintain the system by themselves but they contribute to the shared costs by being involved in the producers’ system.

Is a company with a turnover of less than one million euros in any way responsible for bearing producer responsibility for packaging?

No, companies with a turnover of less than one million euros do not bear producer responsibility for packaging. However, if they so wish, such companies may enter into a contract, administered by Rinki, with producer organisations, and enjoy Rinki’s customer benefits. Member companies with a turnover of less than one million euros report their packaging data to Rinki every year and are subject to customer and recycling fees.

Please see: Benefits for member companies

Our company has a contract for waste collection. Do we still need to join Rinki?

When a company signs a waste collection contract with a waste haulage company, it only pays for the collection of waste from its premises. This fee in not included in the fees that Rinki and the producer organisations charge. Producer responsibility concerning packaging is a statutory obligation. The companies’ duties include collecting the packaging they put onto the Finnish market, arranging for other waste management, and the recycling of packaging. Recycling means using packaging waste materials in the production of new products. The agreement with Rinki specifically covers packaging that companies bring to the Finnish market with their products. The companies pay for Rinki and the producer organisations to arrange the recycling of packaging in Finland on behalf of the Rinki members so as to ensure that the recycling targets set by the EU and Finnish law are achieved in Finland.

A company can sign a joint contract. What does that mean?

A joint contract can be signed by a group or a conglomerate, a chain organisation or a franchisor that has the right, based on ownership, agreement or other authorisation, to represent the companies entering the contract. A ‘Group’ is defined in the Accounting Act and the Limited Liability Companies Act.

What does Rinki do with the customer fees it collects?

Rinki is responsible for ensuring that companies can handle their producer responsibility obligations concerning packaging easily and efficiently. Rinki is a non-profit company whose duties include:

  • recognising the companies doing business in Finland that bear the producer responsibility for packaging
  • registering companies that place packaging with their products on the Finnish market and have signed an agreement with the producer organisations administered by Rinki
  • compiling statistics on the packaging materials and volumes that companies report to Rinki every year
  • charging material-specific recycling fees as authorised by the producer organisations
  • submitting the packaging statistics collected from companies to the authorities every year. These are drawn up from the data reported by Rinki member companies. The statistics only show the total packaging material volumes. Rinki does not disclose information about individual companies to third parties.
  • offering advice on questions related to the producer responsibility
  • providing information on matters pertaining to the reuse, recovery and recycling of packaging
  • supervising the interests of companies with producer responsibility

What fees must companies pay?

When joining RINKI Ltd, a company pays a one-off registration fee and an annual customer fee. In addition, the company pays material-specific recycling fees determined by the producer organisations, which Rinki invoices the producers for and deposits with the producer organisations. Both the Rinki and producer organisation fees are based on the company’s packaging volumes the previous year that the company reported to Rinki. Rinki and the producer organisations are non-profit organisations.

Please see: Price list

How do companies benefit from being Rinki members?

Producer responsibility for packaging is a legal obligation for businesses. It applies to companies that pack products in Finland or import packed products for the Finnish market or sell their products to Finland through distance sales and have a turnover of at least one million euros. A company is also responsible for its packaging if the packing or logistics has been outsourced to another company.

The easiest and most convenient way to handle a company’s obligations of producer responsibility is to sign a contract with producer organisations administered by RINKI Ltd. A company only needs to sign one contract. Rinki and the producer organisations arrange reception, collection and recycling of carton, glass, metal, plastic and wooden packaging on behalf of companies so that the requirements of the legislation are met.

Please see: Benefits for Rinki’s member companies